Adult Cats

Vaccinations:

Your adult cat needs to be vaccinated with FVRCP(feline viral rhinotracheitis,calicivirus and panleukopenia),FeLV(feline leukemia) and rabies.

  • Feline panleukopenia (mistakenly called “feline distemper”) is a disease that infects mostly youngkittens and cats and is often fatal. It is very similar to parvoviral enteritis in dogs but it does not carry such afavorable prognosis in cats. Signs include fever, respiratory congestion, vomiting, and diarrhea.
  • Also included in the combination vaccine are chlamydia, calicivirus, and herpesvirus (rhinotracheitisvirus). These all cause upper respiratory tract infections recognized by ocular and nasal discharge, sneezing,fever, and inappetence. These are the most common infectious diseases in cats. Occasionally, these canprogress to pneumonia. Death from dehydration can result in young kittens. The severity of these infectionscan be greatly reduced by vaccination. These diseases are also highly contagious, and infected cats should beisolated (different air space) from other cats. These illnesses DO NOT affect dogs or people. Cats that are 9months or older should not get the chlamydia vaccination.
  • Rabies vaccination in cats is essential and is required by law. In Utah, rabies is carried by bats,and the predatory tendencies of cats put them at risk when they capture sick bats. In past years, cats were thedomestic animal most commonly reported to have rabies in Utah. Rabies is given at 12 weeks of age, boostered1 year later, then given every 3 years.
  • FeLV is the most common fatal infectious disease of cats. Vaccination is recommended for cats thatwill go outdoors at all, even if they are supervised. Cats should also be vaccinated if they live with a cat thatgoes outdoors, even if they are a strictly indoor pet.

FeLV Testing:
The feline leukemia virus (FeLV) is similar to the human AIDS virus. It is a virus that can remaindormant in the cat for a long period of time. A cat that appears perfectly healthy in all respects may harborthe virus and spread it to other cats. Kittens can be exposed to the virus in the womb or through nursing. It isalso spread in the saliva by fighting, mating, grooming each other, and sharing food and water bowls. Intact,outdoor cats, especially males are at the highest risk of contracting the virus. Cats in households with more thanthree cats are also at a higher risk.

We HIGHLY recommend a routine FeLV test on all cats with no known FeLV test status. An FeLV/FIV test would be recommended for all sick, previously untested cats. Cats suffering from chronic, non-responsive illnesses should be tested for FeLV/FIV, regardless of vaccination status because the vaccine is not100% effective at preventing illness.

An FeLV-infected cat is susceptible to many types of infections and may live a variable amount oftime after diagnosis. Approximately 1/3 of cats are able to clear the disease; the rest will eventually die fromit. The FeLV vaccination is far from 100% effective, but it is the best current technology has to offer. Timelyneutering and spaying greatly reduces the risk of FeLV exposure. Any cat diagnosed with FeLV does not needto be immediately euthanized, but should not be allowed outdoors to potentially infect other cats.

See these sections for more information:

  • Parasites
  • Dentistry
  • Spay/ Neuter