Adult Dogs

Vaccines: Adult dogs (over 2 years of age)

Annual revaccination (boosters) is recommended for the first year after the “puppy vaccines”;thereafter, you should discuss the benefits and risks of annual vaccination with your vet.

In the past, the DHPP (distemper, hepatitis, parainfluenza, parvovirus) vaccine was typicallygiven each year. These recommendations are changing. The American Animal HospitalAssociation (AAHA) came out with new guidelines in 2006 that suggests that adult dog vaccinesboosters may be adequate if given every 3 years. Specific vaccine requirements for individualdogs should be discussed with your veterinarian.

A vaccine against bordetella is recommended. This vaccine needs to be given twice initially thenevery 6months.

The rabies vaccine should be given as recommended by local law. First with their puppyvaccines then once every 3 years.

If your adult dog has an adverse reaction to any vaccines (fever, vomiting, shaking, facialswelling or hives) discuss the risk of annual revaccination with your veterinarian.

Parvovirus: Parvovirus is a serious and common viral disease of dogs. It affects primarily the digestive system, but can affect other body systems as well. The most common clinical signs areloss of appetite, depression, vomiting and diarrhea. The onset of illness is

Distemper. –a widespread, often fatal disease often sudden.
ALL dogs should be vaccinated against distemper starting at 6-8 weeks.

Hepatitis–can cause severe liver disease and may cause kidney damage or death; type-2 is an
important factor in kennel cough.

Parainfluenza–another factor in kennel cough; is often a mild respiratory infection in otherwise healthy dogs, but can be severe in puppies or debilitated dogs.

Rabies–Is almost always fatal (only 1 person in history has ever been known to survive rabies infection). This virus attacks the brain and nervous system. Transmitted to people through thebite of an infected animal. One vaccine should be given after 12 weeks of age and boostered1 year later. After the year-booster, the rabies vaccine is good for 3 years. This vaccine isrequired by law.

Bordetella–a bacteria that contributes to kennel cough. Infection can occur alone or in combination with certain viruses. Passed easily from pet-to-pet, most commonly acquired fromboarding or grooming facilities. Intranasal bordetella should be given at 9 weeks of age andboostered with the injectable bordetella vaccine 3 and 6 weeks later. Discuss the importance ofgiving every 6 months, especially in pets that frequent boarding or grooming facilities.

Deworming: Your pet needs to be on a monthly dewormer(interceptor). Interceptor protects your pet from heartworms, roundworms, whipworms and hookworms. Your pet should be testedfor heartworms prior to being prescribed interceptor. Your pet needs to be retested every 2 years.

Heartworms are an internal parasite that is transmitted by mosquito bite.

Roundworms are an intestinal parasite that feed off of partially digested contents of theintestine.

Whipworms are intestinal parasites that live in the cecum and colon causing irritation.

Hookworms are an intestinal parasite that attach to the intestine. They ingest large amount ofblood

See these sections for more information:
Parasites
Dentistry
Spay/ Neuter